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    四川永合利精品錢幣推薦丨開元通寶
    發布時間:2019-11-10 12:15:47   來源:浙江經濟網

    四川永合利拍賣有限公司,為藏品強大的傳播效應向各位買家推薦經國家一級鑒定專家甄選的藝術珍品,為藏家牽線搭橋,讓千百件藝術珍品價值被發掘與重視,在拍賣會上得以高價成交。

    Sichuan Yonghe Li Auction Co., Ltd. For the strong dissemination effect of collections, we recommend to buyers the art treasures selected by experts of national first-level appraisal, and make a bridge for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures can be excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded at auction.

     

    【名稱】開元通寶

    【規格】直徑:24.26mm 重:3.20g

    【類別】錢幣

    NameKaiyuan Tongbao

    SpecificationDiameter: 24.26mm Weight: 3.20g

    categoryCoins

    隋煬帝大業十三年(公元617年),正值隋朝末年,天下大亂,民不聊生。隋唐國公,太原留守李淵趁機起兵,攻克隋都大興,自封唐王,立隋煬帝孫楊侑為帝。不久廢楊侑并自立為帝,改大興為長安,建立唐朝,隋亡。

    In the 13th year of Daye, Emperor Yang of the Sui Dynasty (617 A.D.), at the end of the Sui Dynasty, there was a great disorder in the world, and the people could not survive. Li Yuan, the Duke of Sui and Tang Dynasties, left in Taiyuan, took the opportunity to start his army and conquered the capital of Sui Dynasty. He became the king of Tang Dynasty and established Yang Yu, the sun emperor of Sui Dynasty. Soon Yang Yu was abandoned and became emperor, and Chang'an was transformed from Daxing. The Tang Dynasty was founded, and Sui Dynasty died.

    在開元通寶始鑄之后,唐朝(公元618年-公元907年)于貞觀二年(公元628年)滅掉盤踞朔方的梁師都,成為了一個統一的多民族國家。這時,封建地主經濟與文化在全國范圍內得到了較長時期的穩定發展,整個封建社會的經濟與文化均呈現出繁榮景象。唐太宗于公元626年8月即位后,勵精圖治,審慎地調整了統治政策,在政治、經濟、軍事、文化諸方面進行了一系列改革,使封建國家出現了一個相對穩定的局面,史稱''貞觀之治''。

    After the founding of Tongbao, Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.) destroyed the liangshidu in Shuofang in the second year of Zhenguan (628 A.D.) and became a unified multi-ethnic country. At this time, the feudal landlord economy and culture in the country has been a long period of stable development, the entire feudal society's economy and culture are showing a prosperous scene. After Emperor Taizong ascended the throne in August 626 ad, he made great efforts to govern the country, carefully adjusted the ruling policy, and carried out a series of reforms in politics, economy, military and culture, which made the feudal country appear a relatively stable situation, known as "the rule of Zhenguan".

    唐玄宗李隆基于先天元年(公元712年)登基后,在位44年,歷經先天,開元,天寶三個年號。在他統治的開元年間,唐朝進入極盛時期,是唐朝高度發展的黃金階段,史稱''開元盛世''。開元通寶是唐代第一種貨幣,也是發行量最大,沿用時間最長的貨幣。由于其質量合理,通貨控制得當,錢幣做工比較精美,故深受百姓喜愛。開元通寶已經成為大五帝錢的一部分,具有辟邪,旺財的功效。

    Li Longji, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, ascended the throne in the first year of congenitally (712 A.D.) and reigned for 44 years. During the reign of Kaiyuan, the Tang Dynasty entered its heyday, which was the golden stage of its high development, known as the "heyday of Kaiyuan". Kaiyuan Tongbao is the first currency of Tang Dynasty, which has the largest circulation and the longest use time. Because of its reasonable quality, proper currency control and exquisite workmanship, it is deeply loved by the people. Kaiyuan Tongbao has become a part of the big five emperors' money, which has the effect of exorcising evil and flourishing wealth.

    “開元通寶”四字大有講究,所謂“開元”,就是“開辟新紀元”,而“通寶”則是“流通的寶物”。兩個詞合起來的意思就是“開辟新紀元之后的流通寶物”。意味著在唐代,“開元通寶”猶如秦半兩、漢五銖一樣,可以在一個新的時代流通到全國各地。另外,許多人都認為開元通寶是年號錢,理由是唐玄宗李隆基有個年號是開元,這是錯誤的。

    The four characters of "Kaiyuan Tongbao" are very particular. The so-called "Kaiyuan" is "opening up a new era", while "Tongbao" is "circulating treasure". The combination of the two words means "circulation treasures after the opening of a new era". It means that in the Tang Dynasty, "Kaiyuan Tongbao" can be circulated to all parts of the country in a new era, just like Qin banliang and Han wuzhu. In addition, many people think that Kaiyuan Tongbao is the year money. The reason is that Li Longji, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty, had a year of Kaiyuan, which is wrong.

    開元通寶是非年號錢,在唐代初年就已經鑄造,是由歐陽詢親自題字,歐陽詢是初唐人物,而李隆基生于盛唐,二人生活年代相差百余年,從年代上講,歐陽詢就不可能給李隆基的鑄錢題字。而李隆基將年號定為開元,純屬巧合。中唐開元始于唐肅宗初年,終于唐憲宗元和末年。這一時期的開元通寶特點與盛唐后期的大同小異。從質地上看,中唐開元主要采用青銅和紫銅鑄造,并夾有一定量的鐵,鉛。面,廓比較精整,但做工不及初唐精美。相比盛唐有所減重。從錢文上看,中唐開元的正面錢文與盛唐后期無異,只是''開''字向寬體發展,相比正面其背文卻更加繁縟,出現了如祥云,同心結等新型背文。同時,傳統的星月背文鑄造量也大幅增加且以月紋為主導。

    Kaiyuan Tongbao is a kind of money with a non year number. It was cast in the early Tang Dynasty. Ouyang Xun inscribed it himself. Ouyang Xun was a figure in the early Tang Dynasty. Li Longji was born in the prosperous Tang Dynasty. The two lived in different ages for more than a hundred years. In terms of age, Ouyang Xun couldn't inscribe it for Li Longji. It's a coincidence that Li Longji set the year as Kaiyuan. The beginning of Kaiyuan in the middle Tang Dynasty began in the early years of suzong, and ended in the late years of Xianzong. The characteristics of Kaiyuan Tongbao in this period are similar to those in the late Tang Dynasty. From the perspective of texture, bronze and copper were mainly used in the middle Tang and Kaiyuan dynasties, with a certain amount of iron and lead. The noodles and silhouettes are quite neat, but the workmanship is not as exquisite as that of the early Tang Dynasty. Compared with the prosperous Tang Dynasty, it lost some weight. From the perspective of Qian Wen, the positive Qian Wen of Kaiyuan in the middle Tang Dynasty is the same as that in the late Tang Dynasty, except that the word "Kai" has developed to a wide style, but it is more complicated than the positive one. There are new types of Qian Wen, such as Xiangyun, Tongxin knot and so on. At the same time, the traditional casting amount of star moon inscriptions also increased significantly, and the moon pattern was dominant.

    開元通寶錢幣在絲綢之路沿線曾經不但被作為通用貨幣大量流通使用,而且還作為標準貨幣被大量仿鑄的事實,說明開元通寶已經成為整個東方貨幣文化體系內各國鑄錢的標準,其影響早已超越了國界,不但屬于中外文化交流的一部分,并且在絲綢之路沿線已經具有了國際貨幣的屬性,發揮了國際貨幣的職能。這對于我們增強文化自信、理解當今人民幣的跨境流通及其國際化進程,都具有重要的歷史借鑒意義。

    The fact that Kaiyuan Tongbao coins were not only widely used as general currency but also widely imitated as standard currency along the silk road shows that Kaiyuan Tongbao coins have become the standard of money casting in the whole eastern monetary and cultural system of various countries, and its influence has already exceeded national boundaries, not only belonging to a part of cultural exchange between China and foreign countries, but also along the silk road With the attribute of international currency, it has played the role of international currency. This is of great historical significance for us to enhance our cultural confidence and understand the cross-border circulation of RMB and its internationalization process.

     

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